Goshanimari’s Rajpat situated in 132kms. Distance from Jalpaiguri town & 13kms. from Dinhata town. Goshanimari’s history is very important for medieval period in East and North-east India.
Goshanimari (Kamtapur) is capital of the Kamtapur State in medieval period (1228AD to 1510AD). Kamtapur State established by Maharaja Sandha Roy the year of 1228AD. Maharaja Sandha Roy’s father was last king of Kamrup State, Maharaja Pithu Roy. Maharaja Sandha Roy change the name of Ancient Kamrup State, new name is ‘Kamtapur State” and change his capital, new capital is ‘Kamtapur’, present name is ‘Goshanimari’. “Kamta Originally denoted the western part of Brahamputra Vally to Koshi River and it was included within the Ancient Kingdom of Kamrupa”.
Maharaja Nilambar Khen was defited by
Hushen Saha. So, some year “Kamtapur State” was Afgan Colony the year of 1498/99AD to 1501AD.
The last King of “Kamtapur State” was Maharaja Durlovendra the year of 1510AD. After words the name of “Kamtapur State” is known as “Cooch-Behar State”.
“Kamteswari Temple” Situated at Goshanimari a distance of about 13km west of Dinhata Town the original temple is now destroyed. The present temple has been established by Maharaja Pran Narayan in 1665. Inside the temple the throne of Debi is situated. Beside the main temple 2 smaller temples also exist at the back-side of the temple courtyard. At the gate a ‘Tarakeswar Sivalinga’ exists. A large number of festivals are observed here of which the Batha Festival of Debi in the month of Magh is worth mentioning.
Excavation at Gosanimari
The history of Cooch Behar dates back to the period of the Pala-Senas (i.e., circa 11th – 12th century AD) these include sculptures, coins of the Sultanate and the Mughal Periods, temples, mosques of the mediaeval and late mediaeval period. Of the ancient remains, mention may be made of the Rajpat of Gossanimari, Siva Temple of Baneswar and the Palace of Cooch Behar. It is traditionally believed that the huge mound of Rajpat of the Gossanimari village at a distance of 13 kilometer to the west of Dinhata Police Station marks the site of the ancient capital of ‘Kamtapur’.
The word Rajpat has been derived probably from the Bengali ‘Rajbari’ or ‘Rajbati’ or ‘Rajprasad’. The ‘Khen’ king Nilambar of this Kamtapur Kingdom was defeated in a battle by Sultan Hussain Shah of Bengal in 1498 AD.
The pomp and glory of Rajpat are now all in ruins under the deposit of huge earth flanked by bare greenaries all around. It is believed that the anicent palatial complex of Kamtapur including the early Kamteswari Temple are all lying buried in this mound. This mound is at present protected by the Archaeological Survey of India.