Tarai and Dooars may be called as Paradise on Earth. The natural beauties of Tarai & Dooars are situated in the foothills of the Eastern Himalayas. The biggest river of North Bengal is “TEESTA”. The foothills of eastern Himalayas are divided into two parts by the river Teesta. These two parts are known as Tarai & Dooars. The western part of the river Teesta is called “TARAI” and eastern part is called “DOOARS”.
A vast texture of dense forests teeming with wildlife, unending tea gardens, bubbling rivers, interspersed with sleepy or busy settlements, constitute this fascinating tourist destination – the “TARAI AND DOOARS” where nature has kept her doors wide open. Here lie abundantly splendid gifts of nature and enormous resources for “Eco-Tourism”.
Jalpaiguri district commonly known to the world as “TARAI AND DOOARS” down in the shadows of the mighty Himalayas is a narrow stretch of land that connects North Eastern India with the rest of the country. Derived from the word “DOOAR” (Door to Bhutan), the Dooars valley also forms a gateway to the hill stations of North Bengal, Sikkim, Bhutan, Assam and the Far East. The valley stretches across a vast span of 130 kms. By 40 kms. The unending stretch of virgin forests interwoven with innumerable tea gardens is crisscrossed by the rivers Teesta, Jaldhaka, Torsha, Sankosh, Raidak, Newra, Jayanti, Dodoya, Murti, Mujnai, Chel, Banai, Hollong etc. and their innumerable tributaries trotting and rolling down from the hills.
The “TARAI AND DOOARS” valley are specially noted for their wildlife sanctuaries, the most notable National Parks, Tiger reserves, and Reserve Forests. These areas abound in a fascinating diversity of Flora & Fauna.
**National Parks are Gorumara National Park, Jaldapara National Park, Buxa.
**Wildlife Sanctuaris are Mahananda, Chapramari, Buxa.
**Tiger Reserve is Buxa Tiger Reserve (760.87 Sq. Km.
Reserve forests are Baikunthapur Forest, Tandu Forest, Khuttimari Forest, Dhoomchi Forest, Chilapata Forest, Diana Forest, South Khayerbari, Dalgaon Forest and Dhoompara Forest etc.
The vast texture of massive trees giving birth to varieties of orchids and rarest plants and resounding with echoes of birds and wild animals make it a veritable paradise for lovers of Nature and Eco-Tourism.
Jaldapara Wildlife Sanctuary and Gorumara National Park are habitats of the rare one-horned Rhinoceros.
The major animals to see in the Tiger Reserve, National Parks, Sanctuaries and Reserve Forest are Tiger, Leopard, Sloth Bear, Sambhar, Cheetal, Hog Deer, Barking Deer, Wild Pig, Indian Bison (Gaur), Clouded Leopard, Hog Badger, Jungle Cat, leopard Cat, Himalaya Black Bear, Civet Cat, Jackal, Mongoose, Fox, Wild Dog, Elephant, Hispid Hare, Porcupines, Rhesus, Macaque, Common Pangolin, Chinese Pangolin, Etc. You can see multi species of Mammals, Birds, Reptiles, Turtles, Fishes, Colourful Insects etc.TARAI and DOOARS Forest area , a multi-tier vegetation assemblage, can be classified as North Indian mixed Tropical Forest, Northern Dry Deciduous Forest, Evergreen Forest, Wet mixed Forest, Sal, Khair, Sisso, Association (Riverine) and Alluvial. Savannah grasses are comprised of Saccharum spp.
Themeda Aeundinacea, T. Villosa, Setaria Palmifolia, Cymbopogan spp, Thysanolaena maxima, Phragmites, Karka, Arundo donax and Imperata cyclindrica. Flood plain grassland interspersed with marshy and swampy land and the adjoining riverine forests are the ideal habitat of the Rhinoceros & its associates. The main crop are Sal, Sisso, Khair, Champ, Chilaunee, Bahera, Sidha, Tun, LAli, Lahusune, Lampati, Simul, Siris, Kadam, Jarul, Shagun, Kawla, Nim, Kathal, Odal, Diloniya, Gamar, Tiloniya, Malotas, Chalta, Ficus etc. The hill forest species rea katus, Mandane, Bahukath, Phalame, Panisaj, Gokul etc. You can see multi species Bamboo, Orchids, Medicinal plants, Shrubs, Canes, Herbs, and Grasses etc.
The major part of the undulating landscape of the Jalpaiguri District is covered with sprawling tea gardens. Tea garden owners have come forward with the view of promoting Tea Tourism in the district. Accommodations are being arranged for the tourists in the tea garden Bungalows and guided tours are provided for taking the tourist through the entire process of tea manufacturing.
Another major attraction is the ethnic culture of this region manifested in so many forms including folk songs, folk dance etc. A number of these ethnic tribes have been living here for ages whose culture and festivals have given a different colour to this place. This is the home of the Totos, the Ravas, the Meches, the Drukpas, the Limbus & the Tamangs to name a few.
Sites of historical and archaeological importance can be found at Buxa Duar, Chilapata, Maynaguri and Baikunthapur area in a scattered manner.
Coochbehar is nearest of Dooars and Tarai area. Coochbehar also has a number of attractions for the tourists including the Royal Palace, The Madanmohan temple, Sagardighi, Kamteshwari Temple, Madhupur Dham, Goshanimari, Baneshwar Temple, Patlakhawa Forest, Rashik Bill etc.
In spite of all the above richness whether in nature or culture this place is vastly unexplored. We invite you to visit it to explore the unexplored, to see the unseen and to take back exotic memories to cherish throughout your life.
How to reach?
Communication from TARAI AND DOOARS area to all over India by:
Air:- Bagdogra Airport.
Road:- NH-31 & East West Corridor. Important bus stands are Tenzing Norgay Bus Terminus at Siliguri, Santipara Bus Stand at Jalpaiguri & Alipurduar Bus stand at Alipurduar, Jalpaiguri district.
Rail:- The most important Railway Station in the North-East India is now Jalpaiguri (NJP). NJP is connected with all major stations in India. And other important Railway Stations are JALPAIGURI TOWN STATION, JALPAIGURI ROAD STATION, Raninagar Station, New Mal Junction, Alipurduar, New Coochbehar.
November to February :10°C to 21°C
March to April : 24°C to 27°C
May to October : 27°C to 37°C
Average Rainfall : 382 cm.
Divisional Head Quarter : Jalpaiguri.
District Head Quarter : Jalpaiguri.